DOI: 10.3390/wevj14120346 ISSN: 2032-6653

Identification Method and Quantification Analysis of the Critical Aging Speed Interval for Battery Knee Points

Xinyu Jia, Caiping Zhang, Linjing Zhang, Weige Zhang, Zhongling Xu
  • Automotive Engineering

The identification of knee points in lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries is crucial for predicting the battery life, designing battery products, and managing battery health. Knee points (KPs) refer to the transition points in the aging speed and aging trajectory of Li-ion batteries. KPs can be identified using a wealth of aging data and various regression-based methods. However, KP identification relies on a large amount of aging data, which is exceedingly time-consuming and resource-intensive. To overcome this issue, we propose a novel method based on KP characteristics to identify the KPs and critical aging speed. Firstly, we extract the main aging trajectory using curve-fitting techniques. Secondly, we calculate the aging speed at each cycle to identify the KPs. We then explore the relationship between the KPs and cycle life and develop a knee point identification algorithm. The correlation coefficient between the KPs and cycle life provides a valuable indicator of the critical aging speed, enabling accurate identification of KPs. To validate our approach, we apply it to the Li(NiCoMn)O2, LiFePO4, and LiCoO2 cell datasets. Our results demonstrate a strong correlation between the KPs and cycle life for these battery types. By employing our proposed method, KPs can be identified for battery life prediction, product design, and health management. Moreover, we summarize a critical degradation speed of −0.03%/cycle can serve as an empirical threshold for warning against capacity diving and KPs. The statistical transition speed threshold can eliminate the dependence on extensive aging data throughout the entire battery’s lifecycle for identifying capacity knee points.

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