DOI: 10.1111/andr.13603 ISSN: 2047-2919

The paternal role in pregnancy loss

Wade Muncey, Michael Scott, Ruth B. Lathi, Michael L. Eisenberg
  • Urology
  • Endocrinology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


In this comprehensive review, the intricate relationship between paternal factors and pregnancy loss is examined. While pregnancy loss has historically been predominantly attributed to maternal factors, recent research underscores the significant contribution of the male partner. The review delves into various aspects of paternal influence, including paternal age, health, chromosome abnormalities, Y chromosome deletions, and sperm DNA fragmentation. Notably, advanced paternal age is found to be associated with an increased risk of recurrent pregnancy loss, shedding light on the importance of understanding the impact of aging on male fertility. Additionally, paternal health, particularly metabolic syndrome, emerges as a noteworthy factor contributing to pregnancy loss. Chromosome abnormalities in male partners, such as balanced translocations, and Y chromosome microdeletions are explored in the context of pregnancy loss risk. Moreover, the review highlights the growing body of evidence linking sperm DNA fragmentation and sperm protein abnormalities to spontaneous pregnancy loss, emphasizing the significance of sperm health in reproductive outcomes. Overall, this review provides a comprehensive overview of the multifaceted role of the male partner in pregnancy loss, calling for a more inclusive approach to pregnancy loss investigations that encompasses both maternal and paternal factors.

More from our Archive