DOI: 10.1515/biol-2022-0639 ISSN:

Significance of sTREM-1 and sST2 combined diagnosis for sepsis detection and prognosis prediction

Yongjun Wei, Ping Xiao, Benjuan Wu, Fuxi Chen, Xiaofeng Shi
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Neuroscience


The diagnosis of sepsis still lacks a practical and reliable gold standard. The purpose of this study was to confirm the effect of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) combined with soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) in the diagnosis of sepsis through the correlation between sTREM-1, sST2, and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores. Baseline data of 91 patients with sepsis in the intensive care unit were collected, sTREM-1 and sST2 were detected, and the correlation between markers and SOFA score was analyzed. Besides, the prognostic value of baseline and postadmission indicators for sepsis was analyzed with death as the outcome. The results showed that the expressions of sST2 and sTREM-1 in death group and survival group were higher than those in the survival group (p < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that sST2, sTREM-1, and the joint diagnosis model had a high correlation with SOFA score (p < 0.05), but poor correlation with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ score (p > 0.05). Among them, joint diagnosis model has the highest correlation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that combined diagnosis had higher area under curve values. sTREM-1/sST2 can be better used in the diagnosis of sepsis than the single biomarker detection, and the combination of the above two biomarkers has potential application value in the detection and prognosis prediction of sepsis.

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