DOI: 10.1515/biol-2022-0690 ISSN:

Analysis of early diagnosis methods for asymmetric dementia in brain MR images based on genetic medical technology

Xiao Zhang, Ning Tang, Yanlin Yin, Jian Zhou, Rui Jiang, Jinping Sheng, Jing Zhu
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Neuroscience


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a relatively common senile neurodegenerative disease and the main manifestation of senile dementia. In the pathological changes of AD, the asymmetry of the brain also changes. Therefore, finding an early diagnosis method of AD based on asymmetry is the key to the treatment of Alzheimer’s. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can quantitatively reflect the structural and functional changes of various tissues in the brain. It has the advantages of non-invasive, high spatial resolution, and non-radiation, and has been widely used in the early diagnosis of AD. In this work, asymmetric images were extracted from multiple brain MR images, and different morphological and texture features were extracted. By establishing a feature selection classification integration model, image features in the image were deeply fused to obtain higher and more stable recognition results than before. By filtering image samples, the corresponding sample feature matrix was obtained. Support vector machine was used for classification, and its classification accuracy had improved significantly compared with that before selection. In the experimental data of normal control group and AD group, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the feature selection algorithm were 93.34, 90.69, and 95.87%, respectively. In the normal control group and the mild cognitive impairment group, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the feature selection algorithm in this work were 85.31, 79.68, and 88.54%, respectively. On the whole, the classification accuracy of the feature selection algorithm in this work was much higher than that of other items. In addition, from the classification ability and distribution of asymmetric features, it can be seen that this asymmetric feature had a more significant consistent diagnostic role in clinical practice.

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