DOI: 10.1002/ese3.1623 ISSN: 2050-0505

Wind turbine condition monitoring based on double‐layer ensemble KNN method

Shuyao Zhang, Kezhen Huang, Changliang Liu, Wenwen Tian, Shuai Liu
  • General Energy
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


An ensemble K‐nearest neighbor model based on the double‐layer sampling method was proposed for the condition monitoring of wind turbine (WT) gearboxes. The distance function was improved to affinity distance, which helped overcome the limitation of obtaining local optimums. The feature priority was calculated based on the regularized mutual information, and a double‐layer sampling method combining data and feature sampling was designed. On the basis of the statistical process control technology, the warning threshold was designed and the real‐time residual was analyzed. The condition of the gearbox was monitored by combining the failure rate. Experimental results with real supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) data demonstrated that the proposed method improved the estimation accuracy of the model and could realize early fault warnings of a WT gearbox approximately 20 days earlier than the SCADA system.

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