DOI: 10.2500/aap.2024.45.230093 ISSN: 1088-5412

The relationship between childhood atopic dermatitis and asthma in an under resourced community

Jonathan A. Bernstein, Larry J. Wymer, Michael Nye, Stephen J. Vesper
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • General Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease caused by allergen exposures and estimated to affect ∼20% of children. Children in urban areas have a higher prevalence of AD compared with those living outside of urban areas. AD is believed to lead to asthma development as part of the “atopic march.” Objective: Our objective was to determine the sequential and chronological relationships between AD and asthma for children in an under-resourced community. Methods: The progression from AD to asthma in the under-resourced, urban community of Sun Valley, Colorado, was examined by assessing Medicaid data for the years 2016 to 2019 for a diagnosis of AD or asthma in children 6 and 7 years old. Results: Pearson correlations between AD and asthma diagnoses were significant only with respect to AD at age 6 years compared with asthma 1 year later, at age 7 years. Conclusion: By studying a susceptible community with a consistent but mixed genetic background, we found sequential and chronological links between AD and asthma.

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