DOI: 10.3390/life13081691 ISSN: 2075-1729

Small Bowel Imaging from Stepchild of Roentgenology to MR Enterography: Part I: Guidance in Performing and Observing Normal and Abnormal Imaging Findings

Antonio Pierro, Laura Maria Minordi, Luigi Larosa, Giulia Guerri, Alessandro Grimaldi, Fabio Quinto, Fabio Rotondi, Annalisa Marcellino, Teresa Bevere, Raffaella Basilico, Roberto Iezzi, Savino Cilla
  • Paleontology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

MRE has become a standard imaging test for evaluating patients with small bowel pathology, but the indications, interpretation of imaging findings, methodology, and appropriate use must be standardized and widely known. Several signs of small bowel damage in inflammatory and non-inflammatory small bowel pathology include strictures, abscess, inflammatory activity, sinus tract, wall edema, fistula, mucosal lesions, and mesentery fat hypertrophy, all of which are widely and accurately explained by MRE. MRE is a non-invasive modality that accurately assesses the intra-luminal, parietal, and extra-luminal small bowel. The differential MRE appearance allows us to distinguish between different small bowel pathologies, such as neoplastic and non-neoplastic small bowel diseases. The purpose of this paper is to present the MRE technique, as well as the interpretation of imaging findings, through the approach of a rigorous stepwise methodology.

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