DOI: 10.3390/life13081628 ISSN: 2075-1729

Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease with Sarcopenia

Yong Jun Choi, Taehee Kim, Hye Jung Park, Jae Hwa Cho, Min Kwang Byun
  • Paleontology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Background and objective: Sarcopenia with muscle wasting and weakness is a common occurrence among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of sarcopenia in patients with COPD. Methods: We reviewed the electronic medical records of 71 patients with COPD between 1 January 2012, and 31 December 2018. We longitudinally analyzed clinical outcomes in patients with COPD with and without sarcopenia. Results: Compared to the non-sarcopenia group COPD, the sarcopenia group showed a higher rate of acute exacerbation events of COPD (AE COPD, 84.6% vs. 31.0%, p = 0.001), all-cause mortality (30.8% vs. 5.2%, p = 0.022), and pneumonia occurrence per year (median [first quartile–third quartile]; 0.2 [0.0–1.6] vs. 0.0 [0.0–0.2], p = 0.025). Sarcopenia was an independent risk factor for AE COPD in Cox regression analysis (hazard ratio, 5.982; 95% confidence interval, 1.576–22.704). Hand grip strength was associated with the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) score and annual Charlson’s comorbidity index score change. Total skeletal muscle mass index (SMMI) was associated with the modified medical research council dyspnea scale score, CAT score, body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise (BODE) index, and alanine transaminase. Trunk SMMI was significantly associated with AE COPD, while appendicular SMMI was associated with BODE index and annual intensive care unit admissions for AE COPD. Conclusions: Sarcopenia is associated with clinical prognosis, pneumonia occurrence, and the acute exacerbation of COPD requiring intensive care in patients with COPD. Therefore, it is important to carefully monitor sarcopenia development as well as recommend appropriate exercise and nutritional supplementation in patients with COPD.

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