DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfae059 ISSN: 2048-8505

Simulation-based learning in nephrology

Valentin Maisons, Antoine Lanot, Yosu Luque, Benedicte Sautenet, Emmanuel Esteve, Erwan Guillouet, Hélène François, Mickaël Bobot
  • Transplantation
  • Nephrology


Simulation is a technique to replace and amplify real experiences with guided ones, that evoke or replicate substantial aspects of the real world in a fully interactive fashion. In nephrology (a particularly complex specialty), simulation can be used by patients, nurses, residents and attendings alike. It allows you to learn techniques outside of the stressful environment of care such as: central venous catheter placement, arteriovenous fistula management, learning about peritoneal dialysis, or performing a kidney biopsy. Serious games and virtual reality are emerging methods that look promising. Simulation could also be important in relational aspects of working in a team or with the patient. The development of simulation as a teaching tool in nephrology allows for maintaining high-quality training for residents, tailored to their future practice, and minimizing risks for patients. Additionally, this education helps nephrologists maintain mastery of technical procedures, making the specialty attractive to younger generations. Unfortunately, the inclusion of simulation training programs faces occasional logistical or funding limitations that universities must overcome with the assistance and innovation of teaching nephrologists. The impact of simulation-based teaching on clinical outcomes needs to be investigated in clinical studies.

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