DOI: 10.1177/09636897241236586 ISSN: 0963-6897

Prospects for the Application of Transplantation With Human Amniotic Membrane Epithelial Stem Cells in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Liping Xu, Qiaoding Dai, Yan Zhang, Na Lin, Lina Ji, Xinwei Song
  • Transplantation
  • Cell Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-organ and systemic autoimmune disease characterized by an imbalance of humoral and cellular immunity. The efficacy and side effects of traditional glucocorticoid and immunosuppressant therapy remain controversial. Recent studies have revealed abnormalities in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in SLE, leading to the application of bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) transplantation technique for SLE treatment. However, autologous transplantation using BM-MSCs from SLE patients has shown suboptimal efficacy due to their dysfunction, while allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell transplantation (MSCT) still faces challenges, such as donor degeneration, genetic instability, and immune rejection. Therefore, exploring new sources of stem cells is crucial for overcoming these limitations in clinical applications. Human amniotic epithelial stem cells (hAESCs), derived from the eighth-day blastocyst, possess strong characteristics including good differentiation potential, immune tolerance with low antigen-presenting ability, and unique immune properties. Hence, hAESCs hold great promise for the treatment of not only SLE but also other autoimmune diseases.

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