DOI: 10.1093/tbm/ibae001 ISSN: 1869-6716

Randomized trial of an integrated care intervention among Latino adults: Sustained effects on diabetes management

Carlos E Rosas, Gregory A Talavera, Scott C Roesch, Heidy Mendez-Rodriguez, Fatima Muñoz, Sheila F Castañeda, Paulina M Mendoza, Linda C Gallo
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Applied Psychology


We examined the 12-month maintenance effects of a previously successful integrated model of diabetes care at improving glycemic management and psychological well-being among Latino adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). A randomized controlled trial (2015–19) compared an integrated care intervention (ICI) with usual care among 456 adults with T2D. The ICI included integrated medical and behavioral care and health education over 6 months. Assessments were completed at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Most participants were female (63.7%) with a mean age of 55.7 years. In multilevel models, significant Group × Time (quadratic) interaction effects were found for HbA1c [Bint = 0.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.02, 0.17, P < .01] and anxiety symptoms (Bint = 0.20, 95% CI 0.05, 0.35, P < .009), but not depression symptoms (Bint = 0.15, 95% CI −0.01, 0.31, P < .07). Analyses of instantaneous rate of change in the ICI group showed significant decreases at 3 and 6 months for both HbAc1 (B = −0.31 at 3 months; B = −0.12 at 6 months) and anxiety symptoms (B = −0.92 at 3 months; B = −0.46 at 6 months), and no significant instantaneous changes at 9 or 12 months, suggesting that initial improvements were largely maintained. The usual care group showed a small decrease in anxiety symptoms at 6 months (B = −0.17), but no other significant changes at any time-point for anxiety or HbA1c (all Ps > .05). This culturally tailored integrated care model shows potential in producing and sustaining positive effects on clinical and psychological outcomes above standard care.

More from our Archive