DOI: 10.1002/brb3.3400 ISSN: 2162-3279

Pregnancy‐related knowledge in women with epilepsy in childbearing age: A pilot questionnaire survey from China

Qiwei Li, Yina Cao, Jingxin Zhang, Yanlu Fu, Beibei Shen, Shuang Wang, Jiajia Fang
  • Behavioral Neuroscience



We aim to understand the knowledge of and attitudes toward pregnancy issues among women with epilepsy (WWE) and their caregivers and analyze the answers from the questionnaire to expose topics that require educational activities; thus, WWE experiences pregnancy better.


WWE at their childbearing age and/or their caregivers who entered the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University for treatment of their condition were invited to fill out a questionnaire between March 1 and November 31, 2022.


A combined total of 205 WWE and 142 caregivers completed the questionnaires. Among the surveyed WWE, a majority (63.74%) reported experiencing at least one miscarriage or induced abortion. However, a significant proportion (84.62%) of these WWE were still able to successfully give birth to at least one child. Furthermore, the offspring of these WWE showed no significant differences compared to the offspring of women without epilepsy, as reported by 93.51% of the participants. The participants’ knowledge regarding the impact of epilepsy on pregnancy was found to be comparable, with average scores of 7.74 and 7.84, respectively. The participants exhibited a limited comprehension of antiseizure medications (ASMs)‐related knowledge, specifically pertaining to ASMs adjustment during pregnancy (17.56% vs. 16.90%) and offspring outcomes (30.24% vs. 26.06%). Statistical analysis revealed significant correlations between the overall score and education level (p < .001), as well as epilepsy duration (p = .008). Regarding the source of knowledge, participants acknowledged primarily relying on neurologists, who remained their preferred choice for consultation.


In our study, the understanding of pregnancy‐related knowledge did not differ from WWE and their caregivers, both are far from satisfactory in certain areas. It is urgent for WWE and their caregivers to improve their pregnancy‐related knowledge of epilepsy. As their primary access is from knowledgeable health care professionals like neurologists, well‐trained neurologists in epilepsy management during pregnancy are in need.

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