DOI: 10.1111/jora.12919 ISSN: 1050-8392

Microaggression and discrimination experiences among diverse youth with LGBTQ+ parents in the United States

Rachel H. Farr, Krystal K. Cashen, Kelsey A. Siebenthaler, Kay A. Simon
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Cultural Studies


Family‐based microaggressions and discrimination experienced by youth with LGBTQ+ parents are important to understand from their perspectives. Using mixed methods, we examined such experiences among 12‐ to 25‐year‐old youth (N = 51) with at least one LGBTQ+ parent in the United States. Youth were diverse in race/ethnicity, family structure, gender and sexual identities, socioeconomic status, and geographic region. Using interviews, we explored LGBTQ+ family‐based microaggressions (reported through scale items with feedback) and discrimination (assessed via thematic analysis). Microaggressions and discrimination based on having LGBTQ+ parents were common, yet there were distinctions in direct and indirect stigma across the quantitative items and qualitative themes. These results underscore the value of mixed methods research with youth and implications for future research, practice, and policy.

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