DOI: 10.3390/molecules29061269 ISSN: 1420-3049

Preparation and Properties of Reversible Emulsion Drilling Fluid Stabilized by Modified Nanocrystalline Cellulose

Fei Liu, Yongfei Li, Xuewu Wang, Zhizeng Xia
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Reversible emulsion drilling fluids can concentrate the advantages of water-based drilling fluids and oil-based drilling fluids. Most of the existing reversible emulsion drilling fluid systems are surfactant-based emulsifier systems, which have the disadvantage of poor stability. However, the use of modified nanoparticles as emulsifiers can significantly enhance the stability of reversible emulsion drilling fluids, but ordinary nanoparticles have the disadvantages of high cost and easily causing environmental pollution. In order to solve the shortcomings of the existing reversible emulsion drilling fluid system, the modified nanocrystalline cellulose was considered to be used as an emulsifier to prepare reversible emulsion drilling fluid. After research, the modified nanocrystalline cellulose NWX-3 can be used to prepare reversible emulsions, and on this basis, reversible emulsion drilling fluids can be constructed. Compared with the reversible emulsion drilling fluid stabilized by HRW-DMOB (1.3 vol.% emulsifier), the reversible emulsion drilling fluid stabilized by the emulsifier NWX-3 maintained a good reversible phase performance, filter cake removal, and oily drill cuttings treatment performance with less reuse of emulsifier (0.8 vol.%). In terms of temperature resistance (150 °C) and stability (1000 V < W/O emulsion demulsification voltage), it is significantly better than that of the surfactant system (temperature resistance 120 °C, 600 V < W/O emulsion demulsification voltage < 650 V). The damage of reservoir permeability of different types of drilling fluids was compared by physical simulation, and the damage order of core gas permeability was clarified: water-based drilling fluid > reversible emulsion drilling fluid > oil-based drilling fluid. Furthermore, the NMR states of different types of drilling fluids were compared as working fluids, and the main cause of core permeability damage was the retention of intrusive fluids in the core.

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