DOI: 10.3390/molecules29061277 ISSN: 1420-3049

Antimicrobial Activity of 2-(Piperazin-1-yl)naphtho[2,3-d]thiazole-4,9-dione against Staphylococcus Strains

Tamami Haraguchi, Saki Hayashi, Seira Nakasaka, Yoshiro Hatanaka, Toshihiro Nagao, Shigemitsu Tanaka, Miki Yoshii, Fumiko Hara, Masayori Hagimori, Miyako Yoshida
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

There is an urgent need to discover and develop novel antibacterial agents. Accordingly, we synthesised 2-(piperazin-1-yl)naphtho[2,3-d]thiazole-4,9-dione (PNT), which exhibits antimicrobial activity. The aim of this study was to characterise PNT as an effective antimicrobial agent. Fluorescence microscopy was used to measure PNT’s uptake into microbial cells (strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA)), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to investigate the influence of PNT on the configuration of microbial cells, and a DNA gyrase supercoiling assay was used to investigate whether PNT inhibits DNA gyrase. PNT was taken up by more than 50% of microbial cells within 30 min. Using TEM, hollowed-out bacterial cytoplasms were observed in the specimen treated with PNT, although there was no disintegration of the bacterial membrane. In the DNA gyrase supercoiling assay, a dose-dependent reduction in fluorescence intensity was observed as the concentration of PNT increased. This suggests that PNT is taken up by microbial cells, resulting in cell disruption, and it reveals that one of the mechanisms underlying the antimicrobial activity of PNT is the inhibition of DNA gyrase.

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