Guoqiang Li, Shihe Yi, Binbin Li, Xin Zhang

Numerical Investigation on the Evolution Process of Different Vortex Structures and Distributed Blowing Control for Dynamic Stall Suppression of Rotor Airfoils

  • Control and Optimization
  • Control and Systems Engineering

The influencing characteristic for the evolution mechanism of a dynamic stall vortex structure and distributed blowing control on rotor airfoils was investigated. Based on the moving-embedded grid method, the finite volume scheme, and Roe’s FDS scheme, a simulation method for the unsteady flow field of a pitch-oscillating airfoil was established. The flow field of the NACA63-218 airfoil was calculated using Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The evolution processes of different vortex structures during dynamic stall and the principal controlled vortex mechanism affecting aerodynamic nonlinearity were analyzed based on the pressure contours Cp and Q of the flow field structure and the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics of the wall pressure distribution. The research indicated that dynamic stall vortices (DSVs) and shear layer vortices (SLVs) were the major sources of the increase in aerodynamic coefficients and the onset of nonlinear hysteresis. Building upon these findings, the concept of distributed blowing control for DSVs and shear layer vortices (SLVs) was introduced. A comparative analysis was conducted to assess the control effectiveness of dynamic stall with different blowing locations and blowing coefficients. The results indicated that distributed blowing control effectively inhibited the formation of DSVs and reduced the intensity of SLVs. This led to a significant decrease in the peak values of the drag and pitch moment coefficients and the disappearance of secondary peaks in the aerodynamic coefficients. Furthermore, an optimal blowing coefficient existed. When the suction coefficient Cμ exceeded 0.03, the effectiveness of the blowing control no longer showed a significant improvement. Finally, with a specific focus on the crucial motion parameters in dynamic stall, the characteristics of dynamic stall controlled by air blowing were investigated. The results showed that distributed air blowing control significantly reduced the peak pitching moment coefficient and drag coefficient. The peak pitching moment coefficient was reduced by 72%, the peak drag coefficient was reduced by 70%, and the lift coefficient hysteresis loop area decreased by 46%. Distributed blowing jet control effectively suppressed the dynamic stall characteristics of the airfoil, making the unsteady load changes gentler.

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