Jung-Kyu Han

Efficiency and PF Improving Techniques with a Digital Control for Totem-Pole Bridgeless CRM Boost PFC Converters

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

A totem-pole bridgeless boost converter is one of the most promising topologies for the power factor correction (PFC) stage in high-power applications due to its high efficiency and small number of components. However, due to the totem-pole structure of the field-effect transistor (FET), very high switching loss occurs via the reverse recovery current of the body diode. To solve these problems, critical mode (CRM) control is a good solution to achieve the valley switching technique. With valley switching of CRM control, the switching loss decreases drastically with decreasing turn-on voltage. But, although the CRM control enables valley switching, it is hard to make an exact valley switching control with general zero-voltage detection circuits. In addition, when a frequency limitation scheme is applied to prevent a very high frequency, the switch can operate with hard switching at the boundary of the frequency limitation. Furthermore, the CRM boost PFC has a low PF and high total harmonic distortion (THD) under light-load conditions due to the large negative current resulting from resonance between the inductor and parasitic capacitance. It becomes worse at near-zero input voltage since the resonance current becomes larger near zero-input voltage. Therefore, in this paper, a totem-pole bridgeless boost PFC converter with high efficiency, high PF, and low THD is developed using TMS320F28377 by Texas Instruments. Based on the basic digital structure of the totem-pole bridgeless converter, the proposed controls help with exact valley switching, PF and THD improvement, and frequency limitation. The prototype converter is verified using 90–264 VAC input voltages and 450 V/3.3 kW output specifications.

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