Pavel Stanko, Matej Tkac, Martina Kajanova, Marek Roch

Impacts of Electric Vehicle Charging Station with Photovoltaic System and Battery Energy Storage System on Power Quality in Microgrid

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

The expected increase in electric vehicles necessitates an expansion in charging stations. However, this increase could introduce issues to the power grid, such as the deterioration of voltage stability and an increase in microgrid loading. To address these issues, innovative solutions are imperative. One potential solution is the implementation of charging control mechanisms. This paper analyzes the impact of a residential charging station on a low voltage microgrid from the power quality point of view using a one-year operation simulation. Thirty-seven charging station scenarios with different locations within the network were examined, including instances with no charging control and various combinations involving charging control, photovoltaic power plant, and battery energy storage system. The simulation results of the charging station without charging control show a decrease in some power quality indicators, such as exceeding voltage change thresholds after charging station connection and increasing power losses. On the contrary, the scenarios implementing charging control and local resources effectively mitigate the adverse effects of charging stations on the microgrid.

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