DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.14729 ISSN:

Nuclear pore complex and nucleocytoplasmic transport disruption in neurodegeneration

América Chandía Cristi, Sampath Rapuri, Alyssa N Coyne
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) play a critical role in maintaining the equilibrium between the nucleus and cytoplasm, enabling bidirectional transport across the nuclear envelope, and are essential for proper nuclear organization and gene regulation. Perturbations in the regulatory mechanisms governing NPCs and nuclear envelope homeostasis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases. The ESCRT‐III pathway emerges as a critical player in the surveillance and preservation of well‐assembled, functional NPCs, as well as nuclear envelope sealing. Recent studies have provided insights into the involvement of nuclear ESCRT‐III in the selective reduction of specific nucleoporins associated with neurodegenerative pathologies. Thus, maintaining quality control of the nuclear envelope and NPCs represents a pivotal element in the pathological cascade leading to neurodegenerative diseases. This review describes the constituents of the nuclear‐cytoplasmic transport machinery, encompassing the nuclear envelope, NPC, and ESCRT proteins, and how their structural and functional alterations contribute to the development of neurodegenerative diseases.

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