DOI: 10.1002/jcp.31110 ISSN:

Biofactors regulating mitochondrial function and dynamics in podocytes and podocytopathies

Seyyedeh Mina Hejazian, Mohammadreza Ardalan, Seyed Mahdi Hosseiniyan Khatibi, Yalda Rahbar Saadat, Abolfazl Barzegari, Virginie Gueguen, Anne Meddahi‐Pellé, Fani Anagnostou, Sepideh Zununi Vahed, Graciela Pavon‐Djavid
  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology


Podocytes are terminally differentiated kidney cells acting as the main gatekeepers of the glomerular filtration barrier; hence, inhibiting proteinuria. Podocytopathies are classified as kidney diseases caused by podocyte damage. Different genetic and environmental risk factors can cause podocyte damage and death. Recent evidence shows that mitochondrial dysfunction also contributes to podocyte damage. Understanding alterations in mitochondrial metabolism and function in podocytopathies and whether altered mitochondrial homeostasis/dynamics is a cause or effect of podocyte damage are issues that need in‐depth studies. This review highlights the roles of mitochondria and their bioenergetics in podocytes. Then, factors/signalings that regulate mitochondria in podocytes are discussed. After that, the role of mitochondrial dysfunction is reviewed in podocyte injury and the development of different podocytopathies. Finally, the mitochondrial therapeutic targets are considered.

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