Ding Wang, Shubham Mondal, Jiangnan Liu, Mingtao Hu, Ping Wang, Samuel Yang, Danhao Wang, Yixin Xiao, Yuanpeng Wu, Tao Ma, Zetian Mi

Ferroelectric YAlN grown by molecular beam epitaxy

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

We report the demonstration of ferroelectric switching in yttrium (Y)-doped nitride semiconductors. In this study, single-crystalline, wurtzite Y0.07Al0.93N films were epitaxially grown on GaN/sapphire templates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. The ferroelectric switching process has been investigated by current density–electric field (J-E) and polarization–electric field (P-E) loops as well as positive-up-negative-down measurements, showing a coercive field of ∼6 MV/cm and a switchable polarization of ∼130 μC/cm2. Ferroelectric switching was further confirmed via butterfly shape capacitance–voltage (C-V) loops and polarity-sensitive wet etching. The realization of ferroelectric, Y-doped AlN films further extends the family of nitride ferroelectrics and unravels a wealth of intriguing opportunities in III-nitride based electronic, piezo-electronic, and optoelectronic devices.

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