DOI: 10.1063/5.0162500 ISSN: 0003-6951

Pushing the performance limits of long wavelength interband cascade lasers using innovative quantum well active regions

Yixuan Shen, J. A. Massengale, Rui Q. Yang, S. D. Hawkins, A. J. Muhowski
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

We report significantly enhanced device performance in long wavelength interband cascade lasers (ICLs) by employing a recently proposed innovative quantum well (QW) active region containing strained InAsP layers. These ICLs were able to operate at wavelengths near 14.4 μm, the longest ever demonstrated for III–V interband lasers, implying great potential of ICLs to cover an even wider wavelength range. Also, by applying the aforesaid QW active region configuration on ICLs at relatively short wavelengths, ICLs were demonstrated at a low threshold current density (e.g., 13 A/cm2 at 80 K) and at temperatures up to 212 K near 12.4 μm, more than 50 K higher than the previously reported ICLs with the standard W-shape QW active region at similar wavelengths. This suggests that the QW active region with InAsP layers can be used to improve device performance at the shorter wavelengths.

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