DOI: 10.1111/mve.12689 ISSN:

Extended stage duration and diminished fecundity in deltamethrin‐resistant Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) of the Argentinean Chaco

Víctor A. Maza, Julieta Nattero, M. Sol Gaspe, M. Victoria Cardinal
  • Insect Science
  • General Veterinary
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Parasitology


Pyrethroid‐resistance is an emergent trait in populations of various insect species. For Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) (Heteroptera: Reduviidae), the major vector of Chagas disease in the southern part of South America, hotspot areas of pyrethroid‐resistance have recently been found in the Chaco Province of Argentina. Resistant condition can reduce fitness of individuals in the absence of insecticide exposure, that is, fitness costs. We evaluated the existence of developmental and/or reproductive costs in T. infestans collected from two areas of pyrethroid‐resistance in Chaco Province, Argentina. Three toxicological groups were defined from field‐collected insects: susceptible (survival <20%), moderately resistant (survival between 20% and 80%) and highly resistant (survival >80%). Cohorts of the three toxicological groups were followed‐up to study life cycle and reproductive parameters. Additionally, we parameterized matrix population growth models. First and IV nymphal stages of the resistant groups exhibited a longer stage duration than susceptible ones. The reproductive days and hatching success showed significant lower values revealing reproductive costs for the resistant groups. Matrix analysis showed lower population growth rates for the resistant groups. Our results support developmental and reproductive costs for pyrethroid‐resistant individuals. This trait could be interpreted as lower population recovery ability for pyrethroid‐resistant individuals compared to susceptible insects after alternative vector control actions.

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