Scott W. Rose, Braden W. Strackman, Olivia N. Gilbert, Karen E. Lasser, Michael K. Paasche‐Orlow, Meng‐Yun Lin, Georgia Saylor, Amresh D. Hanchate

Disparities by Sex, Race, and Ethnicity in Use of Left Ventricular Assist Devices and Heart Transplants Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background The extent to which sex, racial, and ethnic groups receive advanced heart therapies equitably is unclear. We estimated the population rate of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and heart transplant (HT) use among (non‐Hispanic) White, Hispanic, and (non‐Hispanic) Black men and women who have heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods and Results We used a retrospective cohort design combining counts of LVAD and HT procedures from 19 state inpatient discharge databases from 2010 to 2018 with counts of adults with HFrEF. Our primary outcome measures were the number of LVAD and HT procedures per 1000 adults with HFrEF. The main exposures were sex, race, ethnicity, and age. We used Poisson regression models to estimate procedure rates adjusted for differences in age, sex, race, and ethnicity. In 2018, the estimated population of adults aged 35 to 84 years with HFrEF was 69 736, of whom 44% were women. Among men, the LVAD rate was 45.6, and the HT rate was 26.9. Relative to men, LVAD and HT rates were 72% and 62% lower among women ( P <0.001). Relative to White men, LVAD and HT rates were 25% and 46% lower ( P <0.001) among Black men. Among Hispanic men and women and Black women, LVAD and HT rates were similar ( P >0.05) or higher ( P <0.01) than among their White counterparts. Conclusions Among adults with HFrEF, the use of LVAD and HT is lower among women and Black men. Health systems and policymakers should identify and ameliorate sources of sex and racial inequities.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive