DOI: 10.3390/molecules29061229 ISSN: 1420-3049

Discovery of Novel Noncovalent KRAS G12D Inhibitors through Structure-Based Virtual Screening and Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Zhenya Du, Gao Tu, Yaguo Gong, Xiangzheng Fu, Qibiao Wu, Guankui Long
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

The development of effective inhibitors targeting the Kirsten rat sarcoma viral proto-oncogene (KRASG12D) mutation, a prevalent oncogenic driver in cancer, represents a significant unmet need in precision medicine. In this study, an integrated computational approach combining structure-based virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulation was employed to identify novel noncovalent inhibitors targeting the KRASG12D variant. Through virtual screening of over 1.7 million diverse compounds, potential lead compounds with high binding affinity and specificity were identified using molecular docking and scoring techniques. Subsequently, 200 ns molecular dynamics simulations provided critical insights into the dynamic behavior, stability, and conformational changes of the inhibitor-KRASG12D complexes, facilitating the selection of lead compounds with robust binding profiles. Additionally, in silico absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) profiling, and toxicity predictions were applied to prioritize the lead compounds for further experimental validation. The discovered noncovalent KRASG12D inhibitors exhibit promises as potential candidates for targeted therapy against KRASG12D-driven cancers. This comprehensive computational framework not only expedites the discovery of novel KRASG12D inhibitors but also provides valuable insights for the development of precision treatments tailored to this oncogenic mutation.

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