DOI: 10.3390/mi15030370 ISSN: 2072-666X

Development of Organ-on-a-Chip System with Continuous Flow in Simulated Microgravity

Arnis Strods, Karīna Narbute, Valērija Movčana, Kévin Gillois, Roberts Rimša, Patrik Hollos, Fēlikss Rūmnieks, Arnita Spule, Gatis Mozoļevskis, Arturs Abols
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Organ-on-a-chip (OOC) is an innovative microfluidic device mimicking the structure and functionality of real tissue. OOCs typically involve cell culture with microfluidics to emulate the biological forces of different organ tissues and disease states, providing a next-generation experimental platform. When combined with simulated microgravity conditions, such as those produced by random positioning machines, they offer unique insights into disease processes. Microgravity has been shown to affect cellular behaviors, like proliferation and viability, though its influence on cell physiology is not fully explored. The primary objective of this study was to develop an OOC model with continuous flow under simulated microgravity. Cells cultured in static (non-continuous-flow) conditions exhibited clear growth reduction under microgravity conditions, showing more pronounced difference compared to continuous-flow conditions using an OOC setup. Although our results show that A549 cell viability under continuous flow decreased in microgravity compared to normogravity, this study demonstrates the successful development of a system capable of providing continuous flow in organ-on-a-chip (OOC) models within a random positioning machine.

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