DOI: 10.1093/jcde/qwae023 ISSN: 2288-5048

Data-driven multivariate regression-based anomaly detection and recovery of unmanned aerial vehicle flight data

Lei Yang, Shaobo Li, Chuanjiang Li, Caichao Zhu
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computational Mechanics


Flight data anomaly detection is crucial to ensuring the safe operation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and has been extensively studied. However, the accurate modeling and analysis of flight data is challenging due to the influence of random noise. Meanwhile, existing methods are often inadequate in parameter selection and feature extraction when dealing with large-scale and high-dimensional flight data. This paper proposes a data-driven multivariate regression-based framework considering spatio-temporal correlation for UAV flight data anomaly detection and recovery, which integrates the techniques of correlation analysis (CA), one-dimensional convolutional neural network and long short-term memory (1D CNN-LSTM), and error filtering (EF), named CA-1DCL-EF. Specifically, correlation analysis is first performed on original UAV flight data to select parameters with correlation to reduce the model input and avoid the negative impact of irrelevant parameters on the model. Next, a regression model based on 1D CNN-LSTM is designed to fully extract the spatio-temporal features of UAV flight data and realize parameter mapping. Then, to overcome the effect of random noise, a filtering technique is introduced to smooth the errors to improve the anomaly detection performance. Finally, two common anomaly types are injected into real UAV flight datasets to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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