Carmen E. Velázquez-González, Francisco J. Martínez-Baltodano, Jorge López-Cuevas, Gregorio Vargas-Gutiérrez

Cr-Co Oxide Coatings Resistant to Corrosion, Electrodeposited on 304 SS Using an Ethylene Glycol-Water Solvent

  • General Materials Science
  • Metals and Alloys

The electrochemical co-deposition of Cr-Co oxide coatings at room temperature on 304 stainless steel (SS) was studied using an electrolyte composed of a mixture of ethylene glycol (EG), hydrated metal chloride salts (MCln∙YH2O), and water as a secondary hydrogen donor (HBD). Metallic Cu and Ni undercoats were applied to improve the adhesion of a posterior Cr-Co metallic and oxide layer. The electroactive events that took place during both electrodeposition processes were studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry. The microstructure and composition of the surface layers were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM/EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and cross-sectional elemental mapping via transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The surface of steel with the Cr-Co:EG-H2O coating showed greater resistance to pitting corrosion (123.93 mV) compared to untreated stainless steel (62.3 mV). This sample showed a large hystere-sis area, which is associated with high resistance to pitting corrosion by the occurrence of a re-passivation of the sample at a Erep value of 24.31 mV. After the cyclic potentiodynamic polariza-tion (CPP) test, the lowest specific mass loss (0.001 mg/cm2) was achieved for the AISI 304 SS sample coated using EG-water solvents (Cr-Co:EG-H2O), while the untreated AISI 304 SS reached a higher specific mass loss (0.01 mg/cm2). The Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) tests showed that the uniform corrosion resistance varied significantly from the untreated AISI 304 SS (35 kΩ) to the coated sample (57 kΩ), which is attributed to the protection provided by the chromium and cobalt oxides coating. The best corrosion resistance achieved was correlated with a superhydrophobic character (with a contact angle of 158.41°) of the Cr-Co coatings. This was in turn a consequence of a needle-like morphology characteristic of these oxides.

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