Sung Keun Shim, Yoon Ho Jang, Janguk Han, Jeong Woo Jeon, Dong Hoon Shin, Yeong Rok Kim, Joon‐Kyu Han, Kyung Seok Woo, Soo Hyung Lee, Sunwoo Cheong, Jaehyun Kim, Haengha Seo, Jonghoon Shin, Cheol Seong Hwang

2Memristor‐1Capacitor Integrated Temporal Kernel for High‐Dimensional Data Mapping

  • Biomaterials
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry

AbstractCompact but precise feature‐extracting ability is core to processing complex computational tasks in neuromorphic hardware. Physical reservoir computing (RC) offers a robust framework to map temporal data into a high‐dimensional space using the time dynamics of a material system, such as a volatile memristor. However, conventional physical RC systems have limited dynamics for the given material properties, restricting the methods to increase their dimensionality. This study proposes an integrated temporal kernel composed of a 2‐memristor and 1‐capacitor (2M1C) using a W/HfO2/TiN memristor and TiN/ZrO2/Al2O3/ZrO2/TiN capacitor to achieve higher dimensionality and tunable dynamics. The kernel elements are carefully designed and fabricated into an integrated array, of which performances are evaluated under diverse conditions. By optimizing the time dynamics of the 2M1C kernel, each memristor simultaneously extracts complementary information from input signals. The MNIST benchmark digit classification task achieves a high accuracy of 94.3% with a (196×10) single‐layer network. Analog input mapping ability is tested with a Mackey‐Glass time series prediction, and the system records a normalized root mean square error of 0.04 with a 20×1 readout network, the smallest readout network ever used for Mackey‐Glass prediction in RC. These performances demonstrate its high potential for efficient temporal data analysis.

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