DOI: 10.3390/s24061783 ISSN: 1424-8220

Condition Monitoring of Pneumatic Drive Systems Based on the AI Method Feed-Forward Backpropagation Neural Network

Monica Tiboni, Carlo Remino
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Machine condition monitoring is used in a variety of industries as a very efficient strategy for equipment maintenance. This paper presents a study on monitoring a pneumatic system using a feed-forward backpropagation neural network as a classifier and compares the results obtained with different sensor signals and associated extracted features as input for classification. The vibrations of the body of a pneumatic cylinder are acquired using both common industrial sensors and low-cost sensors integrated into an Arduino board. Pressure sensors for both chambers and a position sensor are also used. Power spectral density (PSD) is used to extract features from the acceleration signals, as well as statistical indices. Statistical indices are considered for pressure and position sensors. The results, which are based on experimental data obtained on a test bench, show that a feed-forward neural network makes it possible to identify the operating states with a good degree of reliability. Even with low-cost instrumentation, it is possible to realize reliable condition monitoring based on vibrations. This last result is particularly important as it can help to further increase the uptake of this maintenance approach in the industrial environment.

More from our Archive