Jacopo Barberi, Muhammad Saqib, Anna Dmitruk, Jörg Opitz, Krzysztof Naplocha, Natalia Beshchasna, Silvia Spriano, Sara Ferraris

Characterization of Tannic Acid-Coated AZ31 Mg Alloy for Biomedical Application and Comparison with AZ91

  • General Materials Science

Magnesium alloys are promising materials for bioresorbable implants that will improve patient life and reduce healthcare costs. However, their clinical use is prevented by the rapid degradation and corrosion of magnesium, which leads to a fast loss of mechanical strength and the formation of by-products that can trigger tissue inflammation. Here, a tannic acid coating is proposed to control the degradation of AZ31 and AZ91 alloys, starting from a previous study by the authors on AZ91. The coatings on the two materials were characterized both by the chemical (EDS, FTIR, XPS) and the morphological (SEM, confocal profilometry) point of view. Static degradation tests in PBS and electrochemical measurements in different solutions showed that the protective performances of the tannic acid coatings are strongly affected by the presence of cracks. The presence of fractures in the protective layer generates galvanic couples between the coating scales and the metal, worsening the corrosion resistance. Although degradation control was not achieved, useful insights on the degradation mechanisms of coated Mg surfaces were obtained, as well as key points for future studies: it resulted that the absence of cracks in protective coatings is of uttermost importance for novel biodegradable implants with proper degradation kinetics.

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