Alexander Spens, Patrick J. Brandt, Jeffrey P. Bons

Characterization of Out-of-Plane Curved Fluidic Oscillators

  • Aerospace Engineering

A novel fluidic oscillator design, in which the oscillator is curved along the primary flow direction, was evaluated. The effects of mass flow rate, hydraulic diameter, aspect ratio, curvature radius, surface roughness, inlet orientation, and nonconstant curvatures were experimentally investigated. Measurements of the oscillation Strouhal number, discharge coefficient, spreading angle, and sweeping angle were used to characterize the jet. The resulting oscillators were found to fall into one of three categories: oscillated at the same frequency and sweep angle as conventional flat oscillators; oscillated at a slightly higher frequency and lower sweep angle than flat oscillators; or no dominant oscillation frequency detected and with no sweeping action. An unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes computational fluid dynamics simulation revealed fundamental differences in the internal flow mechanisms between flat and curved oscillators that drive the sweeping jet. The curvature between 37.5 and 62.5% of the total length, or the region from the inlet nozzle to halfway through the main chamber, was a primary factor influencing the response type of a design. Due to the curvature of these oscillators, they have the ability to be used in geometrically constrained spaces, such as the leading edge of wings and turbine vanes.

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