Qin Li, Hui Wang, Gang Shen

Control of the maglev system with a low stiffness elastic track beam by pole assignment and a reduced order state observer

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • General Materials Science

A maglev train system is an open loop unstable and strongly nonlinear system. Self-excited coupling vibration between the magnet and the track beam can occur even when the train is stationary. To avoid this, the track beam is generally designed with high stiffness, which directly increases the construction cost of the maglev line. In this research, a new control method for the maglev system with a low stiffness elastic track is proposed based on full state feedback theory and pole assignment theory. In the newly designed controller, track beam DOF is introduced into the control loop with the use of the reduced order state observer (ROSO) to make the control system have the ability to suppress track vibration actively, thus reducing the over dependence of the system stability on track properties. Effectiveness of the proposed control strategy is verified through experiments. Results show that it exhibits a better response compared to the traditional control method, with smaller fluctuations in levitation air gap and magnet acceleration. Furthermore, it can maintain system stability with relatively lower track stiffness, reducing the minimum requirements for track stiffness by 53.4% in the test.

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