Jin Wang, Peng Zhao, Zhe Zhang, Ting Yue, Hailiang Liu, Lixin Wang

Aircraft Upset Recovery Strategy and Pilot Assistance System Based on Reinforcement Learning

  • Aerospace Engineering

The upset state is an unexpected flight state, which is characterized by an unintentional deviation from normal operating parameters. It is difficult for the pilot to recover the aircraft from the upset state accurately and quickly. In this paper, an upset recovery strategy and pilot assistance system (PAS) based on reinforcement learning is proposed. The man–machine closed-loop system was established and the upset state, such as a high angle of attack and large attitude angle, was induced. The upset recovery problem was transformed into a sequential decision problem, and the Markov decision model of upset recovery was established by taking the deflection change of the control surface as the action. The proximal policy optimization (PPO) algorithm was selected for the strategy training. The adaptive pilot model and the reinforcement learning method proposed in this paper were used to make the aircraft recover from the upset state. Based on the correspondence between the flight state, the recovery method, and the recovery result, the aircraft upset recovery safety envelopes were formed, and the four-level upset recovery PAS with alarm warning, coordinated control, and autonomous recovery modes was constructed. The results of the digital virtual flight simulation and ground flight test show that compared with a traditional single pilot, the aircraft upset recovery strategy, the upset recovery safety envelopes, and the PAS established in this study could reduce the handling burden of the pilot and improve the success rate and effect of upset recovery. This research has certain theoretical reference values for flight safety and pilot training.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive