Yifang Liu, Chao Wang, Pu Zhang, Wenning Fu, Jun Zhang, Zeyu Zhang, Jing Mao, Yang Yang, Li Zou

Association Between the Frequency of Tooth Brushing and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Several epidemiological studies suggested that frequency of tooth brushing may be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, the aim of this study was to synthesize frequency of tooth brushing and CVD risk using meta-analysis. Science Direct, PubMed, CINAHL, and OVID were searched through October 15, 2022. The random-effects model was used to quantitatively assess the combined risk estimation. In addition, we performed the sensitivity analysis to evaluate the robustness of the study results by excluding the included studies one by one. A total of 9 cohort studies containing 10 reports with 803,019 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled results showed that compared with the lowest brushing frequency, the highest brushing frequency (relative risk = 0.85, 95% confidence interval: 0.80–0.90) significantly reduced the risk of cardiovascular disease. There was moderate heterogeneity among included studies ( P = .002, I2 = 65.4%). The exclusion of any one study did not materially change the combined risk estimates. Our meta-analysis supported the hypothesis that higher frequency of tooth brushing can reduce the risk of CVD, which may have important implications for conducting research on the prevention strategies of CVD.

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