Amra Jujić, John Molvin, Hannes Holm Isholth, Anna Dieden, Johan Korduner, Amir Zaghi, Zainu Nezami, Andreas Bergmann, Lutz Schomburg, Martin Magnusson

Association between low selenoprotein P concentrations and anaemia in hospitalized heart failure patients

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

AbstractAimsHeart failure (HF) patients with anaemia tend to have a worse outcome, with increased hospitalization rates, decreased exercise tolerance, and higher mortality compared to those without anaemia. Limited research exists on the association between selenium deficiency and anaemia specifically in HF patients, despite previous findings of a correlation in different populations. The BIOSTAT‐CHF study demonstrated that higher selenium levels in HF patients were associated to a lower risk of anaemia and iron deficiency. This study investigates the relationship between selenoprotein P (SELENOP) concentrations, a major contributor and functional biomarker of selenium transport, and anaemia, Hb levels, and iron status in hospitalized HF patients.Methods and resultsSELENOP was analysed in 320 hospitalized HF subjects, with complete data available for 310 subjects. The relationships between continuous SELENOP concentrations and 1) Hb concentrations, 2) anaemia (Hb < 115 g/L (women), <130 g/L (men)), and 3) iron status (as measured by transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) which increases in iron deficiency) were evaluated using multivariable logistic and linear regression models. Additionally, SELENOP concentrations in the lowest quartile were related to anaemia, haemoglobin, and iron state in multivariable logistic and linear models. The mean age of the study population was 75.0 ± 11.6 years, and 30% were women. Anaemia was present in 133 subjects (42.9%). SELENOP concentrations were positively correlated with haemoglobin concentrations (0.238; P < 0.001) and negatively with TfR1 concentrations (−0.238, P < 0.001). In multivariable regression models, higher SELENOP concentrations were associated with higher Hb concentrations (B = 3.23; P = 0.002) and lower TfR1 concentrations (B = −0.20; P < 0.001). Furthermore, SELENOP deficiency was associated with lower Hb concentrations (B = −7.64: P = 0.001), higher TfR1 concentrations (B = 0.31; P = 0.003), and higher odds of anaemia in HF patients (odds ratio 2.17; 95% confidence interval 1.23–3.82; P = 0.008).ConclusionsIn hospitalized heart failure patients, lower concentrations of SELENOP were associated with higher prevalence of anaemia.

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