Pavel Poredos, Agata Stanek, Mariella Catalano, Vinko Boc

Ankle-Brachial Index: Diagnostic Tool of Peripheral Arterial Disease and Predictor of Cardiovascular Risk—An Update of Current Knowledge

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

The ankle-brachial index (ABI) was introduced as a screening method for the diagnosis of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Later findings recognized ABI as a prognostic marker of adverse cardiovascular events due to its relation to atherosclerosis in other vascular territories. This narrative review aims to appraise the validity, reliability, and utility of ABI in the detection of PAD and the determination of global atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk. While the ABI value can be influenced by different physiological characteristics including age, sex, body position, and techniques used for ABI determination, it has high specificity and reproducibility in the assessment of vascular patients. In conclusion, when used correctly, the ABI remains a reliable and invaluable indicator of lower-limb perfusion and a useful tool for predicting the risk of future cardiovascular events. However, its underutilization in clinical settings is noteworthy.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive