Zezhong Zhang, Bin Fu, Sinan Wang, Fei Wang, Hexin Lai, Weijie Zhang, Kai Feng, Hengzhi Guo

Analysis of Spatiotemporal Variation Characteristics and Driving Factors of Drought in Yinshanbeilu Inner Mongolia Based on a Cloud Model

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry

Drought refers to a meteorological disaster that results in insufficient soil moisture due to a long-term lack of rainfall and disrupts the moisture balance of crops. Yinshanbeilu in Inner Mongolia is an arid and semi-arid region, and the onset of drought and its subsequent transmission is a key challenge in water resource management. This study takes Yinshanbeilu as the study area, analyses the changing characteristics of multi-timescale drought from 1971 to 2020 based on the Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI), and analyses the stochasticity and stability of the drought by using a cloud model. Finally, the cross-wavelet transform method and Pearson’s test are used to explore the correlation between atmospheric circulation factors, PRE and PET, and drought. The results indicate that (1) on the annual scale, the frequency of drought in Yinshanbeilu mainly ranges from 22% to 28%, with a high frequency of light droughts, a low frequency of severe droughts, a high frequency of droughts in the east and west, and a low frequency of droughts in the north and south; on the seasonal scale, the frequency of droughts in winter is the highest, with a rate of 34.6%, and the lowest frequency of droughts is in autumn, with a rate of 28.3%. (2) There is a decreasing trend in Entropy (En) and Hyper-Entropy (He), and an increasing trend in Expectation (Ex) for the inter-annual SPI-12 cloud model. Spatially, Ex and He are negatively correlated, while En and He are positively correlated. The inter-annual variation in cloud eigenvalues is greater than the inter-site variation, so the cloud model better reflects the spatial stochasticity and stability of regional inter-annual SPI. For the seasonal-scale SPI-3 cloud model, Ex is smaller in all seasons, En is also smaller, and He is larger. (3) Sunspot, PRE (precipitation), and PET (Potential Evapotranspiration) are all positively correlated with SPI and have the highest correlation. This study reveals the characteristics and causes of variations of drought in Yinshanbeilu, which can be applied to future research areas related to regional drought risk management.

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