Christopher Y. S. Wong, Devin P. McHugh, Nicolas Bambach, Andrew J. McElrone, Maria Mar Alsina, William P. Kustas, Troy S. Magney

Hyperspectral and Photodiode Retrievals of Nighttime LED‐Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence (LEDIF) for Tracking Photosynthetic Phenology in a Vineyard

  • Paleontology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Soil Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Forestry

AbstractThe magnitude of chlorophyll fluorescence emission represents both chlorophyll content and energy quenching processes enabling its application to serve as a proxy of photosynthetic activity. Thus, there is interest in advancing methods for canopy‐scale monitoring of chlorophyll fluorescence. Remotely sensed solar‐induced fluorescence (SIF) retrievals offer daytime monitoring of chlorophyll fluorescence, which can serve as an indicator of photosynthesis. However, it represents an instantaneous measurement during the day, which is strongly influenced by incoming radiation, solar angle, and sun/shade fraction—making it difficult to tease out baseline information on plant health and potential photosynthetic capacity—which could be tracked by changes in fluorescence yield (independent of sunlight). Recent advances have demonstrated the potential for inducing nighttime chlorophyll fluorescence via LED light sources at the canopy‐scale, which can be retrieved as LED‐induced chlorophyll fluorescence (LEDIF), potentially serving as a baseline indicator of plant health and photochemical capacity, independent of daytime conditions. In this study, we explored two methods of LEDIF retrievals: (a) hyperspectral sensor (1.33 nm full‐width half max) and (b) low‐cost Red‐Far‐Red photodiode sensor. LEDIF retrieved by the hyperspectral sensor demonstrated strong correlations with daytime SIF and gross primary productivity during mid to end of season phenology (R2 > 0.70). In contrast, phenological dynamics of LEDIF retrieved by the photodiode sensor was more subtle, likely due to weaker signal‐to‐noise ratio, but still demonstrated some potential. Overall, LEDIF offers a technique to monitor nighttime chlorophyll fluorescence emissions (and changes in its spectral shape with a hyperspectral sensor) to assess canopy‐scale phenology of photosynthetic potential.

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