DOI: 10.3390/act12120469 ISSN: 2076-0825

An Adaptive Magnetorheological Fluid-Based Robotic Claw with an Electro-Permanent Magnet Array

Young Choi, Keith Drake, Mark Jesik, Christine Hartzell, Norman Wereley
  • Control and Optimization
  • Control and Systems Engineering

The increasing demand for the adept handling of a diverse range of objects in various grasp scenarios has spurred the development of more efficient and adaptable robotic claws. This study specifically focuses on the creation of an adaptive magnetorheological fluid (MRF)-based robotic claw, driven by electro-permanent magnet (EPM) arrays to enhance gripping capabilities across different task requirements. In pursuit of this goal, a two-finger MRF-based robotic claw was introduced, featuring two magnetorheological (MR) grippers equipped with MR elastomer (MRE) bladders and EPM arrays at the fingertips. The operational principle involved placing a target object between these MR grippers and adjusting the normal force applied to the object for effective grasping. During this process, the contact stiffness of the MR grippers was altered by activating the EPM arrays in three distinct operation modes: passive, short-range (SR), and long-range (LR). Through experimentation on a benchtop material testing machine, the holding performance of the MRF-based robotic claw with the integrated EPM arrays was systematically evaluated. This study empirically validates the feasibility and effectiveness of the MRF-based robotic claw when equipped with EPM arrays.

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