DOI: 10.3390/en16237848 ISSN: 1996-1073

Vibration Signal Evaluation Based on K-Means Clustering as a Pre-Stage of Operational Modal Analysis for Structural Health Monitoring of Rotating Machines

Nathali Rolon Dreher, Gustavo Chaves Storti, Tiago Henrique Machado
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

Rotating machines are key components in energy generation processes, and faults can lead to shutdowns or catastrophes encompassing economic and social losses. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of structures in operation is successfully performed via Operational Modal Analysis (OMA), which has advantages over traditional methods. In OMA, white noise inputs lead to the accurate extraction of modal parameters without taking the system out of operation. However, this excitation condition is not easy to attain for rotating machines used in power generation, and OMA can provide inaccurate information. This research investigates the applicability of machine learning as a pre-stage of OMA to differentiate adequate from inadequate excitations and prevent inaccurate extraction of modal parameters. Data from a rotor system was collected under different conditions and OMA was applied. In a training stage, measurements were characterized by statistical features and K-means was used to determine which features provided information about the excitation condition, that is, which excitation was adequate to extract the rotor’s modal parameters via OMA. In a testing stage, data were successfully classified as adequate or not adequate for OMA, achieving 100% accuracy and revealing the technique’s potential to support SHM of rotating machines. The technique is extendable to other monitoring systems based on OMA.

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