Actinomycosis of the paranasal sinuses: case report and literature reviewAbdullah M Alqahtani, Fahad A Alwadi, Mohammed Almahdi
Actinomycosis is a chronic granulomatous condition caused by filamentous gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that colonizes the mouth, gastrointestinal tract and urogenital tract. Infection occurs through the mucosal surfaces, often resulting from dental procedures or trauma, primarily affecting the maxillary sinus. We report a case of Actinomyces sinusitis affecting the right maxillary and right ethmoidal sinuses of a 41-year-old woman. The diagnosis was made through a combination of histopathological report and computed tomography scan. The patient underwent endoscopic sinus surgery followed by long-term antibiotics for 6 months and reported improvement of her symptoms.