DOI: 10.3390/math11173752 ISSN:

A Novel Prediction Model for Seawall Deformation Based on CPSO-WNN-LSTM

Sen Zheng, Chongshi Gu, Chenfei Shao, Yating Hu, Yanxin Xu, Xiaoyu Huang
  • General Mathematics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Admittedly, deformation prediction plays a vital role in ensuring the safety of seawall during its operation period. However, there still is a lack of systematic study of the seawall deformation prediction model currently. Moreover, the absence of the major influencing factor selection is generally widespread in the existing model. To overcome this problem, the Chaotic Particle Swarm Optimization (CPSO) algorithm is introduced to optimize the wavelet neural network (WNN) model, and the CPSO-WNN model is utilized to determine the major influencing factors of seawall deformation. Afterward, on the basis of major influencing factor determination results, the CPSO algorithm is applied to optimize the parameters of Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM). Subsequently, the monitoring datasets are divided into training samples and test samples to construct the prediction model and validate the effectiveness, respectively. Ultimately, the CPSO-WNN-LSTM model is employed to fit and predict the long-term settlement monitoring data series of an actual seawall located in China. The prediction performances of LSTM and BPNN prediction models were introduced to be comparisons to verify the merits of the proposed model. The analysis results indicate that the proposed model takes advantage of practicality, high efficiency, stable capability, and high precision in seawall deformation prediction.

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