DOI: 10.3390/life14010033 ISSN: 2075-1729

A Novel COCH p.D544Vfs*3 Variant Associated with DFNA9 Sensorineural Hearing Loss Causes Pathological Multimeric Cochlin Formation

Yingqiu Peng, Mengya Xiang, Ting Fan, Xiaofang Zhong, Aqiang Dai, Jialing Feng, Pengfei Guan, Jiamin Gong, Jian Li, Yunfeng Wang
  • Paleontology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

COCH (coagulation factor C homology) is one of the most frequently mutated genes of autosomal dominant non-syndromic hearing loss. Variants in COCH could cause DFNA9, which is characterized by late-onset hearing loss with variable degrees of vestibular dysfunction. In this study, we report a Chinese family with a novel COCH variant (c.1687delA) causing p.D544Vfs*3 in the cochlin. Comprehensive audiometric tests and vestibular function assessments were taken to acquire the phenotypic profile of the subjects. Next-generation sequencing was conducted and segregation analysis was carried out using Sanger sequencing. The proband presented mild vestibular symptoms and normal functional assessment results in almost every test, while the variant co-segregated with hearing impairment in the pedigree. The variant was located beyond the vWFA2 domain, which was predicted to affect the post-translational cleavage of the cochlin via molecular modeling analysis. Notably, in the overexpressing study, by transient transfecting the HEK 293T cells, we found that the p.D544Vfs*3 variant increased the formation of multimeric cochlin. Our result enriched the spectrum of DFNA9-linked pathological COCH variants and suggested that variants, causative of cochlin multimerization, could be related to DFNA9 with sensorineural hearing loss rather than serious vestibular symptoms.

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