Lin Sun, Lei Guo, Guocai Wang, Hua Su, Bo Liu, Xiaoli Tang

A high-speed and power-efficient gradient-pulse injection method for spin-transfer torque magnetic random-access memory

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

With the development of modern computer storage technology, the spin-transfer torque magnetic random-access memory (STT-MRAM) has become one of the most promising candidates to replace the static random-access memory and dynamic random-access memory. However, its large power consumption and long relaxation time before the magnetic moments switch are important factors restricting its commercial application. In this work, gradient-current pulses are proposed to replace the conventional constant-current pulses in the injection method. A 70-nm classical CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy was simulated and measured at pulse widths of 20, 30, and 40 ns using the proposed and conventional injection pulses. The comparison results show that adopting gradient pulses can significantly reduce the relaxation time and switching power consumption of the MTJ. A power consumption reduction of 8%–40% is obtained at different pulse amplitudes and widths. Our method paves an avenue for overcoming the issues affecting the STT-MRAM and could help to promote its commercial applications.

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