DOI: 10.1093/bjs/znad258.449 ISSN:

220 A Systematic Review on Under-Recognized Condition: Duodenogastric Reflux After Cholecystectomy

M Win, W Htet, J Sanyal, S Sanyal
  • Surgery



About 66,660 cholecystectomies are performed yearly in the UK. Dissatisfaction rates following surgery range from 7-41% and abdominal pain can persist post-operatively in 33% of cases according to literature. Duodenogastric reflux (DGR) has been suggested as a cause of persistent symptoms after cholecystectomy. Our study was the first systematic review to assess the DGR after cholecystectomy.


Medline, Embase, and Cochrane were searched by two independent researchers up to June 2022. Eligible studies were appraised on correlation between DGR and post-cholecystectomy symptoms as well as on how DGR was diagnosed and managed.


Initial 379 records were identified and screened leaving 11 papers in total. Out of included papers (2013-2022) studying 1334 patients from seven different countries, there were 2 randomised controlled trials (RCT) and 9 observational studies. The average Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies was 6. Included RCTs had low to some risks of bias. Only 1 study could correlate between DGR and post-cholecystectomy symptoms. Six studies identified alkaline reflux and gastritis with combined investigations after cholecystectomies. The gold-standard investigation was yet to be identified although gastroscopy was commonly used. Single or combined medications were better than no treatment for DGR.


DGR induced gastritis was confirmed with investigations in this study. However, further research is required to prove extensive DGR related symptoms after cholecystectomy. There were limitations such as having more observational studies than RCT and having small samples in some studies. More substantial studies with great randomization and longer duration of follow up are recommended for future studies.

More from our Archive