DOI: 10.1093/bjs/znad258.764 ISSN:

1071 Examining Blood Lipid Profiles and Lipid Lowering Therapy in Carotid Surgery Patients in a 1-Year Follow-Up Study

M Sood, J Y Kwan, F Stocco, N Orozov, K Spencer-Jones, M A Bailey, P A Coughlin, D Julian A Scott
  • Surgery



Stroke patients are at a high risk of future major adverse cardiovascular events. Focusing on lipid lowering therapy (LLT), current ESVS and NICE guidelines advise high intensity statin (HIS) treatment with a target LDL-C of less than 1.8mmol/L.


This is a retrospective cohort study on 205 patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy or stenting from 01/01/18 to 31/12/20 at Leeds Vascular Institute. Prescriptions and lipid profiles prior to intervention, at discharge, and 1-year post-intervention were recorded. Differences between time points were assessed using the McNemar test.


There were 137 men, the median age was 73, and 175 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy. Increases in prescriptions of statins (65%vs93%, p<0.001) and HIS (47%vs83%, p<0.001) were observed at discharge compared to pre-intervention but no differences were seen at 1 year. At 1 year, 8 patients were not on statin therapy; 6 were intolerant and 3 were prescribed Ezetimibe.

At 1 year, there was a significant improvement in median LDL-C (2.4mmol/L IQR (1.9-3.3) vs. 1.6mmol/L (1.2-2.0)), and proportion of patients reaching target LDL-C of <1.8mmol/L (21%vs59%,p = 0.003) compared to pre-admission. In patients with LDL-C≥1.8mmol/L, 92% had scope for LLT up-titration. No significant differences were noted in the proportion of patients who underwent lipid profile monitoring prior to admission and at 1 year.


Admission to our local vascular unit is associated with an increase in the guideline-directed prescription of LLT, and subsequently attainment of target LDL-C. Reasons for suboptimal lipid monitoring in the community need to be understood to allow for optimal risk reduction.

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