DOI: 10.1093/bjs/znad258.644 ISSN:

1058 Jejunal or Ileal Exocrine Drainage in Pancreas Transplantation?

J Tan, D Doherty, R McFarlane, J Kingston, Z Moinuddin, H Khambalia, T Augustine, D van Dellen
  • Surgery



Pancreas transplantation (PT) is performed for restoration of endocrine function in type 1 diabetes mellitus with amelioration of diabetic complications. However, PT can have serious complications requiring salvage pancreatectomy and surgical approaches should be carefully considered. Anastomoses to jejunum or ileum are most often employed. We compare outcomes between these techniques.


A retrospective analysis was performed on simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplants (SPK) at Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust between 2013 and 2015. Follow up was completed until 2020.


86 SPK were performed. 59.2% were male with mean age of 41.5yo (SD±8.4). 72.4% (n = 55) were donors after brain death and 98.7% (n = 75) were receiving first PT. 43 SPK were performed with ileal anastomosis, 33 jejunal. There were no significant differences in demographics of recipients, donors, immunosuppression regimens, overall patient and graft survival and frequency of GI complications. Length of hospital stay was higher with ileal anastomosis (median 14 v 19 days, p<0.05), as was cold ischaemic time (median 8:48 v 9:31 hours, p<0.05). Three patients required salvage pancreatectomy and loop ileostomy formation with multi-organ support and prolonged ITU stay.


Long term outcomes between groups were comparable in this cohort. Catastrophic complications occur in the minority requiring salvage surgery. Here more occurred with ileal anastomosis, but this approach allows graft pancreatectomy and formation of loop ileostomy, avoiding a more proximal stoma in a clinically unstable patient. Further powered studies are required to rigorously examine the impact of enteric anastomosis site.

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