DOI: 10.1093/bjs/znad258.301 ISSN:

1001 A Case Report on Popliteal Artery Occlusion After a Low-Energy Trauma Years After Total Knee Arthroplasty

G Z Kocyigit, S Yilmaz, N Usmanov, T Bertan, M Colkusu, İ Guler, D Singa
  • Surgery



To highlight the significance of dislocated total knee arthroplasty, which is more likely to happen after a low-energy trauma and can result in limb-threatening neurovascular complications and compartment syndrome, we present a case of mild trauma that resulted in the co-occurrence of the occlusion of the left popliteal artery and vein 10 years after the implantation.


Three weeks after a low-energy fall on her knee at home, a 69-year-old woman presented to our orthopedics clinic with swelling, paresthesia, and paralysis in her left leg. She had edema and significant ecchymosis, and the tibial pulses in her left knee had vanished. She had uneventful bilateral knee arthroplasty surgery on her right and left knees six and ten years ago, respectively. Her medical history is significant for type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Doppler ultrasound and CT angiography showed occluded popliteal artery and vein. Following thromboembolectomy by cardiovascular surgeons, orthopedic surgeons underwent lower leg preventative fasciotomy under general anesthesia by creating two longitudinal incisions on either side of the tibia.


Doppler ultrasonography on the fifth follow-up day revealed biphasic flow in the posterior tibial artery and monophasic flow in the dorsal tibial artery, however, the paralysis and paresthesia were still present. Ultimately, unilateral above-knee amputation was performed.


Due to the high level of concern for vascular injury and compartment syndrome, we advise physicians to consider popliteal artery injury while treating patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty years ago and present with minimal trauma.

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