DOI: 10.1093/hr/uhad176 ISSN:

VvBBX44 and VvMYBA1 form a regulatory feedback loop to balance anthocyanin biosynthesis in grape

Wenwen Liu, Huayuan Mu, Ling Yuan, Yang Li, Yuting Li, Shenchang Li, Chong Ren, Wei Duan, Peige Fan, Zhanwu Dai, Yongfeng Zhou, Zhenchang Liang, Shaohua Li, Lijun Wang
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science
  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology


Anthocyanins are essential for the quality of perennial horticultural crops, such as grapes. In grape, ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5) and MYBA1 are two critical transcription factors that regulate anthocyanin biosynthesis. Our previous work has shown that VvBBX44, a B-box (BBX) protein, inhibits anthocyanin synthesis and represses VvHY5 expression in grape calli. However, the regulatory mechanism underlying this regulation was unclear. In this study, we found that loss of VvBBX44 function resulted in increased anthocyanin accumulation in grapevine callus. VvBBX44 directly represses VvMYBA1 which activates VvBBX44. VvMYBA1, but not VvBBX44, directly modulates the expression of grape UDP flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (VvUFGT). We demonstrated that VvBBX44 represses the transcriptional activation of VvUFGT and VvBBX44 induced by VvMYBA1. However, VvBBX44 and VvMYBA1 did not physically interact in yeast. The application of exogenous anthocyanin stimulated VvBBX44 expression in grapevine suspension cells and tobacco leaves. These findings suggest that VvBBX44 and VvMYBA1 form a transcriptional feedback loop to prevent overaccumulation of anthocyanin and reduce metabolic costs. Our work shed light on the complex regulatory network that controls anthocyanin biosynthesis in grapevine.

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